Little Cormorant near Delhi Public School Tapi at Surat.
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Scientific Name : Phalacrocorax niger
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata
Class : Aves
Order : Suliformes
Family : Phalacrocoracidae
Genus : Phalacrocorax
Species : P. niger
How to identify this bird :
- Little Cormorant is about 51 cms long and is a duck like water bird
- It has a slender, compressed short bill sharply hooked at the tip
- It has a long stiff tail
- Adult breeding is all black, with a few white plumes on fore-crown and sides of head
- Non-breeding Little Cormorant is browner (and lacks white head plumes) , with whitish chin
- Immature has whitish chin and throat, and fore-neck and breast slightly paler than upper parts, with some pale fringes
- Both male and female are alike
Where do I find this bird:
- Found in Lakes, pools, brackish lagoons and rivers.
- Dipsites of DPS Tapi need not go too far and you can see a couple of them come to have a dip in the canal that runs next to the boundary fence of DPS Tapi. Especially during summer when there is still water in the canal.
- Generally found singly but sometimes hunt in flocks.
- Little Cormorant feeds exclusively on fish which it chases and captures under water.
- It is an expert diver and submarine swimmer.
- When it has had its fill it perches itself upright on a rock or stake near the water and dries itself with wings stretched out.
- It nests generally between July-September.
- The Little Cormorant nest is a twig platform made on top of trees usually in mixed colonies of egrets, storks etc,.
Hindi : Jograbi, Ganhill, Pan-kowwa
Tamil : Neer khagam, Kadal kagam