Glossy Ibis in the fields near Delhi Public School Tapi at Surat.
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Scientific Name: Plegadis falcinellus
Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata
Class : Aves
Order : Pelecaniformes
Family : Threskiornithidae
Genus : Plegadis
Species : P. falcinellus
How to identify this bird:
- It is about 55-65 cms long and is a small dark ibis (smaller than the black ibis)
- It’s bill is curved downwards and is slender
- The adult breeding bird is deep-chestnut, glossed with purple and green with metallic and purple wings
- It has a narrow white surround to bare lores
- The adult non-breeding bird is duller with white streaking on dark brown head and neck
- The juvenile is similar to the adult non-breeding but is dark brown with white mottling on head and only faint greenish gloss to upper parts
- Flocks of these birds fly in a V-formation
Where do I find this bird:
- You can find these birds all along the way to DPS Tapi in the paddy fields especially when the fields are being prepared for planting paddy saplings. During the last week these birds were found feeding in the paddy fields just outside the School gate at DPS Tapi.
- They prefer wetlands like marshes at the margins of lakes and rivers but can also be found at lagoons, flood-plains, wet meadows, swamps, reservoirs, sewage ponds, paddies and irrigated farmland.
- They feed in very shallow water and nest in freshwater or brackish wetlands with tall dense stands of emergent vegetation such as reeds and low trees or bushes. Their head is completely immersed often during feeding.
- They breed between May-July.Preferred roosting sites are normally in large trees which may be distant from the feeding areas. The nests are usually a platform of twigs and vegetation positioned at least 1 m above water, sometimes up to 7 m in tall, dense stands of emergent vegetation, low trees or bushes.
- They feed on Molluscs, insects crustaceans etc.
Hindi : Chhota buza
Bengali : Kachia tora
Tamil : Karuppukottan