Pheasant-tailed Jacana

Pheasant-tailed Jacana  near Delhi Public School Tapi at Surat.
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Scientific Name: Hydrophasianus chirurgus
Kingdom         : Animalia
Phylum            : Chordata
Class                 : Aves
Order                : Charadriiformes
Family              : Jacanidae
Genus               : Hydrophasianus
Species             :  H. chirurgus

How do I identify this bird :
  • Breeding adults have a long tail and brown underparts.
  • They have extensive white on wings, head, and fore neck.
  • They have a striking white eyestripe.
  • The hind neck is golden.
  • They have  legs with very long toes which are grey in colour.
  • It has a pointed spur at the bend of the wing.
  • Non-breeding adults lack the long tail.
  • The underparts are white except for a brown breast band and neck stripe.
  • The side of the neck is golden.
  • Young Pheasant-tailed Jacana have brown upperparts.
Where do I find this Bird: 
  • Pheasant-tailed Jacana are found in village ponds and lakes around DPS Tapi where you have lotus or lilies.
  • They are found walking atop broad leaves and floating vegetation in the ponds, lakes or marshes.
  • It feeds on roots and seeds of aquatic plants and it also eats insects and molluscs.
  • It breeds during June – September. It makes its nest on floating leaves.
  • Its call is a peculiar mewing tewn, tewn sound.
Local Names: 

Hindi            : Pihuya, Piho
Bengali         : Dal kukra, Miwa, Sakdal, Jal manjor
Tamil            : Manal pura
Malayalam  : Tamara kozhi